|The Mongolian Names and Terms in the History of the Nation of the Archers by Grigor of Akanc' - Francis Woodman Cleaves|
This important article by Francis Woodman Cleaves was published in the Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies vol. 12, #3-4 (1949) pp. 400-443, then subsequently in a book together with Robert P. Blake's translation of Aknerts'i [History of the Nation of the Archers (the Mongols) by Grigor of Akants', hitherto ascribed to Maghak'ia the Monk, the Armenian text edited with an English translation and notes by Robert P...
Keywords: Mongols; Turco-Mongolica; Mongolia; Turkic; Altaica; Armenia; Armenian; History; Cilicia
|Patmut'iwn Lank-T'amuray ew yajordats' iwrots', arareal T'ovma vardapeti Metsobets'woy [The History of Tamerlane and His Successors by Vardapet T'ovma Metsobets'i] - Thomas (T'ovma) of Metsob|
K. Shahnazarean, ed. (Paris, 1860). This is the Classical Armenian text of an eye-witness (T'ovma Metsop'ets'i/Metsobets'i, 1378-1446) to Tamerlane's invasions of the Caucasus and Armenian Highlands. 141 pdf pages. Book digitized by Google and uploaded by user Robert Bedrosian. [Note: an English translation of this work is also available as an Internet Archive download. Search on T'ovma].
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Altaica; Timur; Tamerlane; Timurid; Turco-Mongolica; Ottomans; Armenia; Armenian; Grabar
|Kirakos Gandzakets'i's History of the Armenians - Kirakos Gandzakets'i, Robert Bedrosian translator.|
Kirakos Gandzaketsi's History of the Armenians is a primary source for the study of the Armenian highlands in the 13th century. This lengthy work, which has survived in 65 chapters, is divided thematically into several sections. Part one is a summary of Armenian church and political history from the 4th through the 12th centuries. This section, which describes the lives and times of the heads of the Armenian Church (kat'oghikoi), is based on earlier Armenian sources, many of which have survived...
Keywords: History; Historical; Armenia; Armenian; Medieval; Mongols; Cilicia; Gandzak; Zakarids; Azerbaijan; Turco-Mongolica
|Etude sur Thomas de Medzoph, et sur son Histoire de l'Armenie au XVe siecle, d'apres deux manuscrits de la Bibliotheque Imperiale - Felix Neve|
This study by the Orientalist Felix Neve appeared in Journal Asiatique V 6(1855) pp. 221-281. It is a description of the History of Tamerlane and His Successors by T'ovma of Metsop' (1378-1446), an Armenian cleric and historian, in 62 pdf pages. A full English translation of T'ovma's work is available as another Internet Archive download: search on "History of Tamerlane and His Successors." Article extracted and uploaded by user Robert Bedrosian.
Keywords: History; Historical; Armenia; Armenian; Medieval; Turco-Mongolica; Altaica; Mongols; Invasions; Church; Iran; Iranian; Persia; Persian; Tamerlane
|Les Mongols d'apres les historiens armeniens; fragments traduits sur les textes originaux - Edouard Dulaurier|
This study appeared in Journal Asiatique 11(1858) pp. 192-255, 426-473, 481-508 and JA 16(1860) pp. 273-322. The author, the noted historian, Egyptologist, and Armenist, Edouard Dulaurier (1808-1881), translated extensive extracts from two invaluable Armenian historical sources of the 13th century pertaining to the Mongols: Kirakos Ganjakets'i and Vardan Arewelts'i ("the Easterner"). 192 pdf pages...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Mongols; Mongolian; Armenia; Armenian; Cilicia; Middle East; Turco-Mongolica; Altaica; Nomads
|The Seljuqs - Herbert M. J. Loewe|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 10b in Volume 4 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1923), was written by the historian Herbert M. J. Loewe. Chapter 10b ["The Seljuqs"]/Saljuqs/Seljuks covers the 9th-13th centuries. Topics includes: Importance of the Seljuqs; Decay of the Caliphate; The Shi'ites; Islam saved by the Seljuqs; The dynasty of Seljuq; Tughril Beg; The Vezier Nizam al-Mulk; Alp Arslan; Malik Shah; Intrigues of Turkan Khatun; Barkiyaruq: civil wars; Muhammad; Sanjar, th...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Turks; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Invasions; Arabs; Islam; Caliphate
|Muslim Civilisation during the Abbasid Period - Thomas W. Arnold|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 10a in Volume 4 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1923), was written by the historian Thomas W. Arnold. Chapter 10a ["Muslim Civilisation during the Abbasid Period"] covers the 8-13th centuries. Topics includes: The Abbasid Empire; Character of the Abbasid dynasty; Decline of the Abbasid Caliphate; Ascendancy of the Buwaihids; The Seljuq Empire; The Mongol Conquests; Muslim political theory; Theory of the Caliphate; Organisation of administrative...
Keywords: History; Historical; Civilization; Culture; Early Medieval; Arabs; Islam; Caliphate; Turks; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica
|The Mongols - Herbert M. J. Loewe|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 20 in Volume 4 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1923), was written by the historian Herbert M. J. Loewe. Chapter 20 ["The Mongols"] covers the 12th-15th centuries. Topics include: Character of Mongol history; Extent of the Mongol invasions; Unification of Asia; Mongol and Tartar; Other tribes in the Mongol Confederation; Jenghiz Khan; Conquest of Turkestan and Khwarazm; Empire of Jenghiz Khan; Conquest of Northern China; Advance westward; Invasi...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Mongols; Turks; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Arabs; Islam; Caliphate
|A Rare Thirteenth Century History of the Seljuqs - E. G. Browne|
This article appeared in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1902) pp. 567-610 and 849-887. It is a translation and sometimes summary of the text of a rare or unique Persian manuscript which presents a history of the Seljuqs from the beginning of the dynasty down to the author's own time, around 1197. It was written in the year 1202-3. The manuscript itself is also 13th century, dated A.H. 635 (A.D...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Seljuqs/Saljuqs; Turks; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Asia Minor; Turkey; Azerbaijan; Arabs; Islam; Caliphate; Assassins
|Tovma Metsobets'i's History of Tamerlane and His Successors - Thomas (T'ovma) of Metsob, Robert Bedrosian, translator|
T'ovma Metsobets'i's History describes events taking place on the Armenian highlands and in Georgia during the Turco-Mongol invasions of Timur Leng (1386-87, 1394-96, and 1399-1403). These invasions were made upon a society which already had been gravely weakened by the preceding decades of warfare and persecution from Turkmen, Kurdish, and Ottoman groups now resident in the area, and from Mongols of the Golden Horde in the north Caucasus...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Tamerlane; Armenia; Armenian; Georgia; Georgian; Caucasus; Caucasian; Asia Minor; Mongols; Turkic Peoples; Turco-Mongolica; Altaica
|The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13th-14th Centuries - Robert Bedrosian|
Robert Bedrosian's Ph.D. dissertation (Columbia University, 1979), Zipped HTML files, or pdf format available. This study has two principal aims. A review of the salient political and military events associated with the Turco-Mongol invasions of Armenia is one aim. Who were the invaders, and in what ways were they alike and dissimilar? The second aim of the study is an examination of the impact(s) of the invasions and domination(s) of the 13-14th centuries on Armenia's lordly naxarar rulers...
Keywords: Armenian history; Turco-Mongolica; Turkish history; Mongol history; Altaica; Armenian Lords; Saljuqs; Mongols; Timurids; Azerbaijan; Invasions; Caucasus
|Mythology of All Races volume 4 - Uno Holmberg|
Volume 4 (Boston, 1927; repr. 1964) contains two sections, both written by the distinguished ethnographer and folklorist Uno Holmberg: Finno-Ugric Mythology and Siberian Mythology. Includes notes, bibliographies, illustrations, and plates, in 722 searchable pdf pages. Book scanned and uploaded by user Robert Bedrosian. The thirteen volumes of this magnificent series were issued under the editorship of Louis H...
Keywords: Mythology; Myths; Folklore; Legends; Ethnography; Finland; Finnish; Ugrian; Finno-Ugric; Siberia; Siberian; Shaman; Shamanism; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica
|The Ottoman Turks to the Fall of Constantinople  - Edwin Pears|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 21 in Volume 4 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1923), was written by the historian Edwin Pears. Chapter 21, "The Ottoman Turks to the Fall of Constantinople" , covers the 13th-15th centuries. Topics include: Infiltration of Turkish nomads into Asia Minor; Ertughril; Accession of Osman; The Catalan Grand Company; First entry of Turks into Europe, 1308; Progress of Osman; Capture of Brusa; Capture of Nicaea; Capture of Nicomedia; Orkhan sty...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Mongols; Turks; Turkish; Turkey; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Ottomans; Asia Minor; Byzantine; Byzantium; Armenia; Armenian
Downloads: 1,352 (1 review)
|Armenia during the Seljuk and Mongol Periods - Robert Bedrosian|
This article was published as Chapter 10 in The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times Vol.1 Richard G. Hovannisian, ed. (New York, 1997) pp. 241-271. The original pagination and transliteration system of that volume are retained here. The material is based on the author's Ph.D. dissertation, The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13th-14th Centuries (Columbia University, 1979) which is available online, and should be consulted for a more extensive treatment and full do...
Keywords: Armenia; Seljuqs; Mongols; Timurids; Nakharars; Invasions; Asia Minor; Armenian History; Turkish History; Mongol History; Turco-Mongolica; Altaica; Invasions; Medieval History; Caucasus
|Fragments de geographes et d'historiens Arabes et Persans inedit, relatifs aux anciens peuples du Caucase et de la Russie meridionale - Charles-Francois Defremery|
This study by the noted philologist Charles-Francois Defremery (1822-1888) was serialized in Journal Asiatique, 4th series (Paris, 1849-1851), in volumes 13, 14, 16, and 17. It includes French translations of Arabic and Persian historical works and geographies describing the peoples, tribes, and states of the Caucasus and south Russia. Contents include extracts from: Abu al-Bekri on the Pechenegs, Khazars, Borthas, Bulgars of the Volga and the Danube; from Ibn al-Athir and Ibn Khaldun describing...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Caucasus; Caucasian; Armenian; Armenia; Georgian; Georgia; Azerbaijan; Arran; Iran; Iranian; Persia; Persian; Turco-Mongolica; Altaica; Islam; Caliphate; Qaqanate
|Origins of the Turks - E. H. Parker, J. B. Bury|
Two fine essays on the early history of the Turks from volumes of the English Historical Review: E. H. Parker's "The Origin of the Turks" (EHR, vol. 11, 1896) pp. 431-445 and J. B. Bury's "The Turks in the Sixth Century" (EHR, vol. 12, 1897) pp. 417-426. Parker meticulously describes and translates portions of Chinese historical sources, while Bury discusses Greek accounts by Menander and Theophylact Simocatta...
Keywords: History; Historical; Late Classical; Early Medieval; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Turks; Turkish; Roman; Byzantine; Empire; Byzantium; Armenia; Armenian; Persia; Iran; Georgia; Caucasus
|Armenia during the Seljuk and Mongol Periods - Robert Bedrosian|
During the eleventh to fourteenth centuries, Armenia was subjected to a number of attacks and invasions by Turco-Mongol peoples. The most important of these were the invasions of the Seljuks in the second half of the eleventh century, of the Khwarazmians (1225-1230), and of the Mongols (1223-1247). At the end of the fourteenth century, an already exhausted Armenia was devastated again by the Turco-Mongol armies of Timur-Leng...
Keywords: History; Historical; Medieval; Armenia; Armenian; Highlands; Georgia; Georgian; Persia; Persian; Iran; Iranian; Altaica; Saljuq; Turco-Mongolica; Turkey; Invasions; Central Asia; nomadic; Religion; Christianity; Islam; Conversion; heterodox beliefs
|The Empire of the Khazars and the Peoples of the North - J. B. Bury|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 13 of J. B. Bury's excellent History of the Eastern Roman Empire (London, 1912), examines Arabic, Armenian, Greek, Persian, and Syriac sources on the history of the Turkic Khazar Empire (7-10th centuries). The Khazars, whose leadership converted to Judaism in the 9th century, posed a grave danger at times to Byzantium as well as to the Muslim world. "The Empire of the Khazars and the Peoples of the North" (pages 402-426) treats: 1...
Keywords: History; Medieval; Khazars; Caucasus; Caucasian; Turkic; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Judaism; Jews; Armenia; Armenian; Georgia; pre-Turkic Azerbaijan; Byzantium; Byzantine; Empire; Iran; Persia; Caliphate; Russia; Hungary; Magyars; Caspian; Trade
|The [Byzantine] Empire and Its Northern Neighbours - Charles Kadlec|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 7a in Volume 4 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1923), was written by the historian Charles Kadlec. Chapter 7a ["The Empire and Its Northern Neighbours"] covers the period from the first through the early eleventh century. Topics include: Scythians and Sarmatians; Alans, Goths, and Huns; Bulgars, Avars, and Turks; The Avars in Europe; Chazars/Khazars and Turks; Growing power of the Khazars; Relations with the Empire; Khazar institutions; Religio...
Keywords: History; Historical; Early Medieval; Byzantine; Empire; Byzantium; Khazars; Avars; Turks; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Slavs; Russia; Russian; Magyars; Hungary; Hungarian; Bulgars; Bulgarians; Arabs; Islam; Caliphate; Armenia; Armenians; Caucasus
|Attila - Ludwig Schmidt|
This study, which appeared as Chapter 12b in Volume 1 of the Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge, 1911), was written by the historian Ludwig Schmidt. Chapter 12b ["Attila"] is a concise and well-documented scholarly account of the life and impact of Attila (406-453) and includes a description of his activities and policies in the Western and Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. Includes Title Page, Table of Contents, Chapter 12b (pp...
Keywords: History; Historical; Huns; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Classical; Medieval; Roman; Byzantine; Empire; Byzantium; Persia; Iran; Armenia; Armenian; Caucasus; Caucasian; Europe; European; Invasions; Barbarian; Nomads
|Hetum the Historian's Flower of Histories of the East - Hetum the Historian, Robert Bedrosian, translator|
The Flower of Histories of the East first appeared in 1307 in the city of Poitiers. Dictated in French by the Cilician Armenian statesman and general, Het'um, and then translated into Latin the same year by his secretary, Nicholas Falcon, the work is contained in four books. Book I is a geographical survey of fourteen countries of the Far East, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and parts of the Near East...
Keywords: Hetum; Haython; Haiton; History; Historical; Medieval; Cilicia; Cilician; Mongol; Mongolia; Central Asia; Far East; Crusades; Medieval Geography of Asia; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica
|Transcaucasica - Vladimir Minorsky|
This French-language article appeared in Journal Asiatique (1930) vol. 217 pp. 41-112. Vladimir Minorsky, one of the 20th century's most important specialists on the Caucasus, Iran, and Central Asia, revisited some of the topics presented here in later works; others are treated only in this article. Topics include: the name of Dvin; Sogdabil and Ardabil; the fortress of Alinjak and the Hamsa valley, Tamerlane's campaigns in the Caucasus...
Keywords: History; Historical; Ancient; Medieval; Armenian; Armenia; Georgia; Georgian; Kurdish; Kurds; Kurdistan; Mesopotamia; Mesopotamian; Caucasus; Caucasian; Altaica; Turco-Mongolica; Turkey; Asia Minor; Azerbaijan; Persia; Iran; Persian; Iranian; Zoroastrianism; Christianity; Islam